Bi xr hatin ser PDK-XOYBUN; wiha, di xizmeta, Kurd  Kurdistan daye : Pirojeya Kurdistana Mezin, Pirojeyn Abor  Avakirin, Pirojeyn Cand  Huner, Lkolna Droka Kurdistan, Perwerdeya Ziman Kurd, Perwerdeya Zann  Syas, Weana Malper  TV yn Kurdistane.
         
                Kurdish   |   Turkish   |   Engilsh  |   German

Menu
  • Rpela Ser
  • Nivskarn Xoybun
  • Nivskarn Mvan
  • Drok Kurd
  • Nexi Kurdistan
  • Belavok Lgern
  • Cand Huner
  • Helbestn Gel
  • Forum
  • Ankt
  • Nuce
  • Album
  • Slayd Show
  • Muzka Kurd - 1
  • Muzka Kurd - 2
  • Kovara Xebat Vejn
  • Kovara Xoybun
  • Pelgeyn bi Kurd
  • Perwerdeya Siyas
  • Malpern Kurdan
  • Li ser me
  • Arsiva Nceyan
  • Nivs & Ne Bine
  • Game-Cilp- ListikN
  • Game - 36KurdishTV

  • Nivskar

    Ali Cahit Kirac

    Belavok
  • Belavokn Me
  • PDK- ARSIV
  • Belavokn We
  • Ariva Xoybun
  • Ariva Niviskaran
  • Niviskarn Derkir

  • Helbest
  • Ehmed Xan
  • E. Xan - Memozn
  • Mela Ahmed Cizr
  • Dwana Melay Cizr
  • Feqy Teyra
  • Celadet El Bedirxan
  • Cgerxwn
  • Ciwan Abdal
  • Osman Sebr
  • Al Caht Kira
  • Feqr Ehmed
  • Ahn Zozan
  • Abdullah Karabag
  • Al Kolo
  • Armanc Nerwey
  • Aydin Coun
  • Aydin Orak
  • Agir Abad
  • Bihr Bnij
  • Dildar smail
  • Ezz Xemcivn
  • Feth Gezney
  • Felemez Akad
  • Hemre Reo
  • Hwa Qasim
  • Hindirn Gull
  • Hekm Xlex
  • Hejar Kurd
  • Hekm Xlex
  • Husn M. Hebe
  • Amade Dive !!!!
  • Leyla emmo
  • Kiyaksar Temir
  • Kon Re
  • Kovan Sind
  • Kal Kurds
  • Mehmed obanoxlu
  • Mehd Mutlu
  • M.Kew Dilxr
  • Mihemed Salih Al
  • T Amadekirin !!!!
  • Navser Botan
  • Nhad Temir
  • Royar Tirbesipy
  • Seyday Dilmeqes
  • Sebr Botan
  • Sediq Sindav
  • Seyid Feysel Mojtev
  • ivan Perwer
  • engal Osman
  • Seyda y Ar
  • smet Dax
  • . Xell xmusoglu
  • FeyzulleKhaznawi
  • Xizan lan
  • Y. Sebri Qamilok
  • Helbestn We
  • Helbest Stran We
  • Helbest Stran Gel
  • Helbest Bperde-1
  • Helbest Bperde-2
  • Helbest Bperde-3
  • Helbest Bperde-4

  • Droka Kurdistan
  • Droka Kurd
  • Kronolij
  • Imp. Med
  • 200 Sal daw
  • Mervaniyan
  • Cum. Mahabad
  • Serhildann Kurdan
  • Serokn Kurdan
  • Kerkuk Kurdistane
  • Nasna Kurdistan

  • Cand, Huner
  • Pken 1
  • Pken 2
  • Crok
  • Byern Drok
  • Gotinn bapra
  • Tistonek
  • Dlok
  • Durik
  • Henek
  • Kilp Vdeoy Kurd
  • Pirs, Bersv Pken
  • and huner tit
  • Xwarinn Kurda
  • Sitran, Def Zurne
  • Lztik, Spielen, Game
  • Listikn Zarokan
  • Kincn Kurda
  • Edebyata Kurd
  • Ziman Me
  • Perwerda Ziman
  • Perwerda Civana
  • Perwerda Zarok
  • Zarok
  • Qutya Muzk-3

  • Nivsn Siyas
  • Kurdistana Serbixwa
  • Rzname & Program
  • Projeyan

  • Rojane
  • Serxwesi
  • Biranin
  • Pirozbahi
  • Daxuyani
  • Sirove
  • Lekolin
  • Roj buyn proz be
  • Roportaj
  • Agahdar
  • Bang - Pwaz
  • Daxwaz
  • Xebatn me
  • Wesiyetname
  • ermezar
  • ah abun
  • irgat - Yekit
  • Name ( Mektup )
  • Dtin Raman we
  • Civn Semner
  • Ji Raya Git Re
  • Xone, Xwene

  • Jina Kurd
  • Tekoina Siyasi
  • Tehdeyyen Siyasi
  • Tehdeyyen Civaki
  • Daxwazen We
  • Perwerde
  • Tenduristi

  • OL
  • Ola zd - Agahdar
  • Ola zd - Nasn
  • Ola zd - Wne
  • Ola Zerdet
  • Ola Cih - Nivs
  • Ola Cih - Wne
  • sa Mesh - Jesus
  • Bibel & Jesus - Film
  • Ola slam - Nivs
  • Ola slam-Mewlud

  • Survey
    Hun dixwazin di v malperde zdetir ci bibnin?

    Syaset
    Ne, Radyo, TV
    Droka Kudistan
    Cand & Huner
    Muzka Kurd
    Wne ( Foto )
    Nivskarn Kurd
    Ziman Kurd
    Pirtk Kovar
    Helbestn Kurd
    Dibistana Kurd
    Anskloped



    Encama Pirsn
    Pirsnn me

    Dengdan: 42744
    Nirxandin: 0

    PDK - Slide Show
  • Barzani Slide Show
  • PDK Slide Show 1
  • PDK Slide Show 2
  • PDK Slide Show 3
  • PDK Slide Show 4
  • PDK Slide Show 5
  • PDK Slide Show 6
  • PDK Slide Show 7
  • PDK Slide Show 8
  • PDK Slide Show 9
  • PDK Slide Show 10
  • PDK Slide Show 11

  • Di dirokede iro
    Rojek wek ro...
    0
  • Cejna x Had ya Kurdn Ezd. Cejna we proz be.
  • Germah zde dibin.1992
  • irnex hat wrankirin.

  • Slide Show – Xoybun

    Muzka Kurd – 1

  • Muzka Kurd - 1

  • Muzka Kurd – 2
  • Muzka Kurd - 2

  • Photo Gallery–Xoybun

    Foto & Animasyon
  • Nana Azady
  • Tekongern Kurda
  • Wene ( Foto ) - 1
  • Wene ( Foto ) - 2
  • Flaman Logo
  • Anmasyon
  • Lztik-Spielen-Game

  • Projeyn Kurd
  • Projeyn Kurd

  • Lgerin / Link
  • Malpern Lgerin

  • TV'yn Kurdistan .
  • Kurdistan TV - Zind-1
  • Kurdistan TV - Zind-2
  • Zagros TV - Zind
  • Kurdistan TV
  • Kurdsat - Zind - 1
  • Kurdsat - Live
  • Roj - TV - Zind - 1
  • Roj - TV - Zind - html
  • Roj - TV - Zind - swf
  • MMC - TV
  • XOYBUN - TV
  • n ah - TV
  • zid - TV / Zind
  • Malpera zid-TV/Zind
  • Rojava - TV
  • KNN - TV
  • Rojhelat- TV
  • Zagros - TV
  • Komala - TV
  • Kurd-1 TV - Zind
  • Tishk - TV
  • Vn - TV
  • Newroz - TV
  • Zaza TV-Flash-Player
  • Zaza-TV-Media-Player
  • Zaza TV

  • Paltalk Download
  • Paltalk Download

  • Reklam
  • Hunermendn Kurd
  • Karmendn Kurd
  • Kirna Titan
  • Firotina Titan

  • Radio Xoybun
    Radio Xoybun - Deng Vejn , Amade Dibe !

    Ansklopedya Xoybun
    Ansklopedya Xoybun A B, Amade Dibe !

    Part Rxistin


    Medya Kurd, Ereb, Tirk
    Bij Kurd  Kurdistan
    Malpern Kurd, Y
  • Poltk-Civak-Huner.

  • _________________

    Bij Kurd  Kurdistan
  • Medya Ereb

  • _________________

    Bij Kurd  Kurdistan
  • Medya Tirk


  • Qutya Muzk-1
  • Qut ya Muzk - 1

  • Zrzewat ( Sewze )
    Zrzewat ( Sewze )

    Sazyn Dijber Tirka
    Rxistinn Dijber Tirka

    Radyo Zind ( Lve )
    7 - Radyo yn Zind

    Qutya Mizka Kurd - 3
    Qutya Mizka Kurd - 4

    Kurd nglz
  • Perwerde ya Ziman Kurd nglz

  • Musa | Cih | Jewry

     
    x Mehmd Berzenc







    x Mehmd Berzenc

    Destdirjiya biyaniyan di Iraq de ji du sed salan vir de ye. Yek ji mazintirn hza biyan ya ku roj bi roj dest xwe daye ser Iraq, hza kolonyalstn Ingilz b. Di dawiya sedsala 16' de Kompaniya Hind ya Rojhilat ava kirin, ku r li Purtegzan bibirrin. Baregeh bazargan y w kompaniy sala 1643' li bajar (Basr ‑ Iraq ) b di sala 1763 de ew baregeha bazargan b balyozxane ya Ingilz ya li gel hza xwe ya abor hzeka ramyar j standib. Di sala 1768' de ciyek xwe li Bexday j pda kir. Di sala 1810' de Ingilzan baregeha xwe ya ramyar birin Bexday bi reya leshker xwe ew parastin, bi shwey ku waliy Bexday bi xwe nikan b zora w baregeh bibira. Di sala 1840' de ar keshtiyn (gemiyn) Ingilz yn ekdar post bazarvan di navbera Bexday Basr de dipariztin ji sala 1868' de di nava herdu bajarn Iraq de reyn av postxane ji aliy Ingilzan ve hatibn avakirin. Ji destpka sedsala bstan de dan standina bazarvan di nava Brtaniya ya Gewre Iraq de xurt b.

    Berpirsek Ingilz sala 1892' li psh parlement welat xwe got, ku pwste Bexdad j wek Basr tkeve bin dest Ingilzan. Di sala 1911' de li psh civneka Lordan got, ku gelek shash e Ingilz lisht sdn xwe yn ramyar ten di Basr derdora w de bibnin, div Bexdad j tkeve embera Ingilz.

    Bi rast, ten bi alkariya Osmaniyan, Ingilzan kan bn ciy xwe di w herm de fireh bikin. Digotin, ku ewan nahlin Uris bigihin Mesopotamiya ji sala 1878' ve, ev amanc hatib diyarkirin roj bi roj, bi taybet ber cenga chan ya yek, Ingilzan giringiya Iraq di ramyariya dij Uris dij Almaniya de naskiribn.

    Di nsana 1916' de Sazanov ‑shalyar derve y Urisan‑ nameyek bo balyozxaneya Frans li Petrograd hinart, t de got, ku herma Kurdistan : Rojavay Wan Bitlis, di nava Mosh, Srt, em Dicle, Cizra Botan xzeka, ku ji iyayn nzka Amdiy heyan bi Mergewer, w ji Urisan re bite hshtin Uris j ji Fransa re hermn, ku di nava Aladax, Qeyseriy Xarpot de, dihlin.



    Wilo em dibnin, ku welat me ji biyaniyan re, mna Iraqa ereb giring b giringiya welatek j pir caran dibe egera bindest, sohtin, pashvemayn parekirina w...

    Ji ber v yek, Ingilzan ji z ve ajann xwe di teviya Iraq bashr Kurdistan de belav kiribn. Ji wan Major Bell jina w Xanim Bill di droka tkiliyn Ingilz bi kurdan re bi nav deng in.

    Dewleta osman digot, ku w Ingilz Kurdan txnin bin zora xwe dewlet ji wan vehese, l nizan, ku w Ingilz hd hd teviya Iraq bashr Kurdistan ji dewleta osman bistnin bidin Ereban.

    Di ber kar ajaniy re, rojhilatnasn Ingilz li ser gel nijadn herm pir nivsandin li gor ramyar lishta xwe ya kolonyalst nivs belav kirin derew j pda kirin.

    Bi ser v de j, tkiliyn xwe yn bi diz ashkere bi serekn lan re, bi shx melayn sist re kirin n ne diketin bin destn wan bi rya ajann xwe dikushtin an j hrish bi rya hinde serekn ajan dibirin ser wan hza wan tune dikirin.

    Ji sala 1913' ve shx Mehmd Berzenc xebit, ku bi herdu kurn Bedirxan ( Kamil Husn Pasha) re bigihne peymanek bo rizgarkirina teviya Kurdistan ji zordariya Osmaniyan bo avakirina dewleteka kurd ya federal.

    Di 04.09.1914' de Osmaniyan shx Evdilselam Barzan di bendexane ya Msil de bi dar ve kirin bi dest zor berxwedan a kurdn Barzan pelixandin. Eve j sedemek b, ku dan standina Barzaniyan bi Ingilzan re di 01. 11. 1919' de b ji ber ku Ingilzan dixwastin kurdan Asran li hember dewleta tirk rakin. L Tirk j her dixebitn, ku bi nav Islam di nava kurdan Asran de, di nava Kurdan Ingilzan de dijheviy pda bikin. Kurdan j pirs ne dikirin, ma i dem Islam gotiye, bila Tirk her her zordariya xwe li gelan bikin mafn gel kurd bidizin welat wan talan bikin bo xwe Tirkan Islam bikin deban (silah) kolonyalzm!?.



    Di dawiya sala 1914' de, pisht ku cenga chan ya yek dest pkir Tirkan xwe dane rex Qeyser Almaniya dij Ingilz, Fransis, Uris, Ital Yonanan. Ingilzan bi terzek leshker ketin Iraq bo "parastina lishtn xwe yn petrol di bashr Iran de ". L bi rast avd wan ne ten li Petrol bn, dixwastin hem xr brn v welat bimjin ji xwe re baregeh pgehek leshker y herhey pda bikin bi mebesta zepkirina geln w herm parastina rya Hindistan rojhilat.

    Di Nsana 1915' de, Tirkan " Fetewa Chad " dij " Gawiran " belav kirin, dema dtin, ku leshker Ingilz dixwaze Basr li bashr Iraq bistne.

    Di w dem de shx Mehmd hzeka kurd ya mazin (1000 mr) bi hev xist bajar Basr, ku nehlibe Ingilz bi rya leshker Iraq bistnin.. l gava bihst, ku leshker Uris ji jor ve derbas Kurdistan bye, vegeriya hza Urisan ji Rewandoz derxist loma wan ber xwe da Iran bi rojhilat ve n. L ber derketina Urisan ji Rewandoz gel Kurd dane ber shr sungiyan gelek ji kesn b ek b guneh kushtin.

    Roj bi roj Ingilzan shar gundn li ser rya Bexday standin li dawiy gihane Bexdad Dicl pisht gelek shikandin serkeftinn xwn dayna soz peymanan bi shxn Ereban re, Ingilzan destn xwe dann ser Iraqa ereb. Bi rast by pdakirina milsn LF ji rnishtvann gund bajarn ereb ji Asran, Ingilzan i caran nikan bn bi asan xwe bigihandana Bexday.

    Di 11.03.1917' hzn Ingilz di Bexday de c girtin ber bi bashr Kurdistan ve n.

    Rewsha gel kurd Kurdistan di cenga " Seferbirlik " de wek ku me ji bav baprn xwe bihstiye, giha b ber mirin. Tirkan welat me mtibn, bi sedhezaran xurt lawann kurd ajotibn qadn ceng, bajarn Kurdistan hatibn talan kirin, birbn, zwir, mirin bi ser ve j revandina jin zarokan, arkirin talankirina malan bbn karn rojane. Qozaqn ku ji bashr Rusiya j hn ji Tirkan pstir kiribn, di nava Qars Msil de gel kurd ketib ber candan tunekirin, li kolan rkn welat me mirovn bir bi sedan diketin ranedibn, n mayn j goshtn seg, pisk hespan dixwarin dibjin, ku heyan leshn kusht mirdaran j dixwarin..

    Pisht serkeftina shorisha Oktober ya sala 1917 li Sovytstan ji geln chan re peymana Sayks‑Picot hat ashkere kirin diyar b, ku Ingilz Fransis nehatine bo rizgarkirina gelan, ewan bo zepkirin, talankirin, parvekirin mtina welatan hatine rojhilata navn.



    Li hember va cerisna mazin a, ku ryn kolonyalstan resh kiriye, Ingilz Fransisan belavokek bi hev re derxistin, t de gotin, ku amanca Fransa Brtaniya ya Gewre di cenga rojhilat de, a ku ji ber malxuriya Almaniya vketiye, ewe ku herdu dewlet dixwazin geln ji z ve di bin koletiya Tirkan de dinalin, rizgar bikin sermriyn netew yn, ku li ser daxwaz hilbijartina rnishtvann netew ne, ava bikin.

    Ber ku ceng bigihe dawiy, Ingilzan destn xwe dann ser bajarn kurdan j, mna Xaneqn, Kifr Kerkk. L eve bi asan ne ser, kurdan berxwedaneke gewre nshan dan ziyaneke mazin gihandin leshkern biyan. Bi rast ne ten Ingilzan dixwastin Kurdistan zep bikin, Uris Tirkan j bi hzn xwe di wan bajar iyan de hebn. Em dibnin, ku Xaneqn Rewandoz her car diket dest hzek, l gava Ingilzan Kerkk bir, hviya Kurdan di azadiy de mazintir b ji ber ku ewan ji zordariya Tirkan rizgar bn, ewn ku avn gel bi nav Islam bi " Xlafet " kr kiribn bi xwe j ji Islam gelek dr bn. Ji aliy d ve, cara yek b, ku mezinn Kurdan n netew bi ryeke diplomas li Pars, pisht kutabna cenga chan shikestina Tirkan, pirsa dewleteka kurd ya serbixwe ann ser mas di w kar de General Sherf pasha ristek gewre bash lst, l di w dem de j s rengn daxwazan di nava gel Kurd de hebn:



    1) Daxwaza Serxwebna gisht, li bakur Kurdistan General Sherf pasha Mr Emn El Bedirxan, li bashr Kurdistan Shx Mehmd li rojhilat Kurdistan Simko Axa y Shikakan bi va daxwaz ra bn.

    Tkiliyn komik kesn, ku ev daxwaz dixawstin bi dewletn mazin re hebn, bi mebesta ku chan bi xwe re li dij dewleta tirk bo maf gel kurd rakin.



    2) Daxwaza Otonomiy, Shx Evdilqadir Neqishbend mala Shx Evdilselam Barzan y, ku Tirkan darve kiriye.





    3) Daxwaza dewleteke Islam, ya dij destdirjiya Ewrupiyan dij Urisan, van j digotin, eger dewleteke kurd hat avakirin, div ne di bin dest dewleteke mezin de be. Ewan dij bn, ku Kurdistan mna Iraq be. Serekn va daxwaz j, bi piran di bakur Kurdistan da bn gava dtin, ku Dewletn mezin bi Tirkiy re peymana Lausanne pda kirin, xwe li dor Shx Sad Pran civandin ser li dewleta tirk hildan. L heya w dem bi " Islametiya Ataturk " hatibn xopandin.

    Kolonyalstn Ingilz yn, ku bi hem serekn Kurdan re didan distandin, di br baweriyeke d de bn, Sr. Arnold Wilson Li ser daxwaza Simko Axa gava w mirovek di sala 1919' de bo dan standin li gel Ingilzan pda bike, bi mebesta Kurdistana bin dest Farisan tev dewleta kurd bike, shiyand, dibje:

    " Diviya b me pishtgirtiya xebatn cudakariy yn Kurdn, ku li Iran dijn, nekira, ne j Kurdn, ku di bin destn Tirkan de, pwst b, me Kurdn dervey wilayeta Msil bi ser wan bihshtana ."

    Di 30.10.1918 de, ber ku Ingilz bigihin bajar Msil peymana Modurs hat muhrkirin Tirkan j bajar Suleymaniy ji Shx Mehmd Berzenc re hshtin. Bo w delve b, ku daxwaza ji z de di dil Kurdan de may, bi cih bne. Dan standin bi Ingilzan re pda kir, ku shx kurd bibe qeral (Hakim) Suleymaniy pareka mezin ji herm. Ingilzan hukumdariya w pejirandin ji dawiya sala 1918 de mehane dane w (15000 Rubh hind), Major Noel j li ba w kirin serkarek ramyar y shwr ziman kurd b zimanek mr. L bel Ingilzan pir tkil bi shx serekn ln Kurdan re, li hem bajar deveran pda kiribn, ji wan qeral berpirsiyarn ramyar bi cih kiribn. Wan ji xwe re ajan berdevk j, tkil berdest, rbir bermal kirr bn, mna Mustefa pasha ji serekn Bacilan, shx Hemd Talban ji herma Kerkk, Serekn Dawod, Pismam Mr Sed beg Yezd ( Ismal beg) , ku rber bo Ingilzan di iyay Shengar de sala 1918 kiriye, Hemo Shro y, ku Ingilzan ew gelek erzan kirrne kirine xudan iyay Shengar.



    Ingilzan ji v p ve xwastin dan standina xwe di civata kurd de xurtir bikin hem shx serekn lan li dij hev din rakin. Ajann wan mna Bell xanim Mr. Hay xwe gihandin serekn la Caf bi taybet Adle xanim li herma Helebe, a ku hem hza xwe alkariya Ingilzan kir dawiy vegeriya aliy Shx Mehmd, bi ser de j xwe gihandin kesn mna Shx Taha y Shemzn, ku nehlin tkil di nava bakur bashr Kurdistan de bibe, hinde kesn bi hz mna Babekr axay Pishdar, yek ji gewretirn axayn Kurdistan bi aliy xwe xistin kirin destik bo dijmin gel Kurd. Di rojhilat Kurdistan de j dan standina Ingilz bi mezinn Kurdan re pda bn, bi mebesta, ku di dema bixwazin, kanibin Shx Mehmd bi ten bihlin w di c de bipelixnin. Ji ber ku amanca Ingilzn kolonyalst ne avakirina dewletek kurd b, daxwaz mebesta wan ji teviya tkiliya xurtkirina bargehn xwe yn leshker hebna xwe ya ramyar abor firehkirina hikar posdeyn xwe di Kurdistan Iraq de bi ser de j civandina Kurdan li hember Uris Tirkan.

    Shx Mehmd destelatiya di bin saya Ingilzan de nepejirand bi taybet zimandirjiya Major Soane , ku dixwast hzn kurd mna milsn Lf bo xwe bi kar bne. Di 22.05.1919 de ser li biyaniyan hilda, xwe bi "Shah Kurdistan " nav kir tkiliyn xwe bi Kurdn Shirnax, bi Adle xanim re bi ln Horman Merwan re kirin. Ev kar w y dij Ingilzan, ewan hrs kirin di c de hribirin ser hzn kurd, bi tang top balafiran bi pishtgirtiya cash axayn Hemawend n ser Shx Mehmd roja 22.06.1919 li Derbend Baziyan sherek mezin b, t de 200 kes ji aliy kurd shehd bn 80 kes d j birn bn, yek ji wan Shx Mehmd bi xwe loma Kurdan nav zinar, ku Shx li ber w berxwedan dikir, kirin ( Berde Qareman ). Shx Mehmd girtin ann Bexday, li wir ew avtin bendexan fermana darvekirin dan. Pisht re fermana darxistin daxistin deh salan di demeka kin de avtin Hindistan li wir heyan sala 1922 hshtin. L bel pshmergeyn kurdn qehreman sher xwe y iyay dij Ingilzan berdewam kirin bi taybet ln Zbar Barzan. Ingilzan 4000 Asr tev kirin shiyandin ser Barzaniyan, l bi sedan ji wan li nzk em Zab li Barzan hatin kushtin hrisha wan b sedema qirkirina wan. heya demeke dereng leshker Ingilz ne kan b zora Barzaniyan bibira. V berxwedan hsht, ku sermriya Londer Shx Mehmd dsa ji Hindistan vegerne Iraq.

    Em dizanin, ku di sala 1920 de, General Sherf pasha di peymana Sevres de maf dewleteka kurd di qada diplomasiya navnetew de stand. Eve j ji Shx Mehmd re pishtgirtiyeke mezin b. L ji ber ku amanca Ingilzan avakirina dewleteke Iraq y girday wan b, her xebitn, ku tkil di nava bakur bashr Kurdistan de bi ser nekeve kurd nekanibin Msil ji dest Ingilzan derxnin.



    Ber vegerandina Shx Mehmd, Ingilzan hukumdariyeke ereb ya ajan girday li Iraq kiribn, l dizann, ku b razkirina Kurdan w dewleta Ereban bi ser nekeve. Lew re di 24.12.1922 de daxweyaneke Ingilz ‑ Iraq derket, t de "Maf gel kurd di avakirina hukumdariyeke kurd ya otonom de di ariva dewleta Iraq de " "Para Kurdan di sermriya gisht de " hat diyar kirin. Ber w Mustefa Ataturk di 01.11.1922 "Meclsa netew ya mazin" ava kirib, sultaniya osman rakirib xwe boy peymaneke taze li ciy peymana Sevres de amade kirib. Hzn w yn leshker j derbas herma Rewandoz dibn sermriya tirk bangeshiya " Maf Tirkiy di wlayeta Msil de " belav dikir.

    Di 21.07.1922 de, di mizgefta " Sed Hesen " de li shahnishna kurd ( Suleymaniy ) yekemn partiya ramyar di droka tevgera netew ya gel Kurdistan hat avakirin, bi nav ( Partiya Kurdistan ), serekn w j Mustefa pasha Yamulk, ew ku ber General b di leshker osman de pisht re di dewleta kurd de b serek dadmendan wezr ragihandin bi w re Shx Mehmd j berpirs partiy b. Partiya Kurdistan ‑ PK ji maldar, ronakbrn burciwa, serbaz, bazarvan gundiyan pda bb, daxwaza Kurdistaneke serbixwe, di bin saya avahiya civak ya hey de, dikir, ji xwe re hinde amancn abor and yn netew dana bn. PK s salan berdewam kir di sala 1925 ji hev ket.

    Ji ber ku Ingilz pdiviya hza kurd bo parastina lishtn petrol yn, ku di wlayeta Msil de, didtin, Shx Mehmd kar bar xwe y mr mna "Shah Kurdan" li Suleymaniy berdewam kir, biray xwe kir serek wezran di sermriya w de 8 wezr hebn, Shx Mehmd bi xwe wezr parastin b, Kerm Alaka y (filleh) bo diraviy, Muhemmed Xalib wezr hundir b, Heme axa wezr kar b, Shx El Kildir y dadmendiy b, Hec Mustefa pasha bo ragihandin b Mrza Ehmed serek Pols b. Ala kurd j bi van rengan b : Kesek di hindir w de bi gilover reng sor heb, di hindir reng sor de j heyveka zer heb. boy poste plek heb, li ser w du xencer hebn ( Hukmet Bashr Kurdistan ) hatib nivsandin.





    Rojnamevaniya kurd li Suleymaniy li ser serxwebna Kurdistan dinivs. Rojname ya ( Roj Kurd ) li ser tkiliya Kurdistan bi sermriya Iraq re diyar dike, ku zanna drok cugrafiya xweya dikin, ku netewa kurd ji ber de yekbneke bi ser xwe ye bi c buye. Rastiyn zanyar diyar dikin, ku bingehn netew yn va netew hene kurn w ne kmtir and sharistan ne ji yn netewn dtir. Di war bazarvan kirin de j eger ji wan ne bashtir bin di pirsa mafn mirov de di hebna erd rnishtvaniy de j mna wan in. Mafn netew snorn herm yn, ku Koma Netewan bo wan gelan mna mafek biryar kirine, bo me j biryar kirine ji bo parastina para xwe ji w maf em her qurbanek pwst bidin.

    Ji w dem de nav Sovyt Sozyalzm di Kurdistan de bi qenc rind belav bb, di straneka kurd de li herma Mukr nav Lenn dihat ser zimn:



    " Lenn estrey gesh e

    Helhat li ser Rssiyat.."



    Shx Mehmd ji ber ku bawer bi Ingilzan ne dikir dizan bo i ew ji Hindistan hatiye vegerandin, di 20.01.1923 de nameyek bo Lenn hinart, bi dirj li ser pirsa gel Kurdistan tkiliyn bi shoresha azadiya gelan re rawesta, t de dibje:



    " Em baweriya xwe bi sermriya sovyt tnin w ji xwe re mna pishtek dinasin ez dikarim ten bibjim, ku teviya gel kurd gel sovyt mna rizgarvanek rojhilat dizane loma w biryar day amade ye, ku qedera xwe bi a gel sovyt ve gir bide.. "



    L em nizanin, ka Lenn bersiva Shah Kurdan da an na.





    Shx Mehmd ji shxn rya qadir b, bi zimann ereb, tirk, faris kurd xwesh dizan. Mirovek avdr ngilz y bi nav Edmonds b, digot ku Shx Mehmd fermann Ingilzan napejirne, ji ber ku di nav bay Kurdistan y sert de jiya ye. L rast ew e, ku gel kurd azadiya xwe dixwest. Edmonds dibje, ku Shx Mehmd ber vegere Suleymaniy soz da b, ku li gel Ingilzan kar bike serdestiya wan bipejirne, l axa ew bi r ve ye Suleymaniy bay Kurdistan hilkishandiye, dt ku gelek mezinn Kurdan hatine pshiya w li Stationa Kinkirban Major Noel ngilz y li gel w b, mna qunsulek xwe diyar dikir, ne mna serdestek.

    Pisht, ku Ataturk hza xwe di Tirkiy de xurt kir ji Ewrupiyan re diyar kir, ku ew saziya ewrup di civat aboriy de bi kar bne, Ingilzan xwastin xwe nzk Tirkiy bikin, bi taybet ber girdana Kongra (Lausanne ) bi wan re li ser rewsha herma kurd ya tij petrol biaxivin bi ryeke diplomas w herm di bin destn xwe de bihlin. Li ser v bingeh Lordek Ingilz li gel Ismat Inunu di 20.11.1922 de rnisht li ser wlayeta Msil axivt. L ji aliy din ve, ev j ji rovtiya Ingilzan t, bi s mezinn Kurdan re axivn, ku ewan bi pishtgirtina Ingilzan li hember Turkan rabin, gava Tirkan xwestekn Ingilzan bi c ne hnan.

    Serekn Kurdan Shx Mehmd, Simko y Shikak Mrza Taha y Nihr bn. Ji wan ten Mrza Taha hat xapandin hrish ser shar Rewandoz kir, ew shar, ku w dem dsa ketib dest Tirkan. L hrisha w badlihewa gelek Kurd hatin kushtin. Ingilzan dt, ku ewan nikanin zora Tirkan bibin nikanin Shx Mehmd j bixapnin, dest bi planeke dij gel Kurd kirin. Bi sermriya ereb ya Bexday re, daxweyaniyek derxistin, t de gotin, ku sermriya xwediy Celalet Brtan sermriya Iraq dipejirnin biryar dikin, ku " Maf Kurdan di hevjn avakirina sermriyek kurd de di hindir snorn Iraq de heye herdu sermr hvdarin, ku Kurd di nava xwe de bigihin peymanek li ser terz sermriy li ser snorn, ku bo sermriya xwe divn " nnern xwe bishnin Bexday bo dan standin li ser tkiliyn wan n abor ramyar li gel sermriya xwediy Celalet sermriya Iraq.



    L dsa j Shx Mehmd nehate xapandin seriy xwe ji Ingilzan ji dvikn wan re danexist. Di wan deman de Kongra (Lausanne) ya yek di Reshemeha (shubata) 1923 de tk .



    Shx Mehmd li ciy, ku seriy xwe ji Ingilz Erebn girday wan re daxne, tkiliyn xwe bi shx serekn (shee) re li bashr Iraq bi taybet li Kerbela Necef xurt kirin, bi mebesta shoresheka kurd ‑ ereb dij serdestiya Ingilzan sermriya ajan a Bexday. Di w dem de j xwe amade dikir bo avtina ser bajar Kerkk. Bi ser de j tkiliyn xwe bi malbat serekn Kurdan re yn li bakur rojhilat Kurdistan fireh dikirin.

    Eve j bo Ingilzan mna amadekirina serhildanek dij kolonyalstan b, lew re biryara tunekirina Shx Mehmd dewleta w dan. Di reshemeha 1923 de ji Shx Mehmd xwastin, ku bi xwe re teviya endamn hukmet xwe bne were Bexday. Shx Mehmd guh neda xwesteka wan zan b, ku w bi dar zor bite grkirin shikandin. Hema di c de tkil li gel hzn Tirkan yn, ku li Rewandoz bn kirin. Ingilzan 20 balafirn ( Air Royal Force ) shiyandin ser Suleymaniy bo hilweshandina baregehn dewleta kurd, l piraniya wan firokan di mij dmn de wenda bn. Ji 03.03.1923 de hzn xwe li gel balafirn (Air Royal Force ) careka d shiyandin ser shar Suleymaniy bombe l barandin, ji bombeyn ku neteqiyane, yek 250 kg b.

    Shx Mehmd ji bajr derket serokatiya leshker xwe bir shikeftek ya li nzk Serdesht b di 8 Avdar de rojnameyek n y bi nav ( Bang Heq ) derket, t de banga chad berxwedana netew kir. Hzeka ngilz ya bi top tang ber bi Kioysenceq ve yeka d j ber bi Rewandoz ve , bi mebesta, ku tirk kurd bi hev re alkariy dij Ingilzan nekin. Kolonl Ozdemir, ku berpirsiyar hza tirk b li wir, di 22 Nsan 1923 de ji Rewandoz kishiya wilo Shx Mehmd bi ten xwe ma, li hember leshker Ingilz, leshker Erebn, ku bi wan ve girday cash, axa maldarn dinn, ku ji ber hinde lishtn xwe yn kesan, bn dijminn gel xwe.

    Leshker Ingilz y frkir gelek bi ek hz, bi sher pilan berxwedana kurd shikand, di dawiya Nsan de Rewandoz stand di 16.05.1923 de ket hindir Suleymaniy. L ji ber ku berxwedana netew berdewam kir, Ingilzan dev ji bajr berdan komtiya, ku dana bn shn sermriya Shx Mehmd, di 14. 06.1923 de ji kar derxistin. L ber, ku ji Suleymaniy bi derkevin hinek guhartinn mr yn bo wan giring bn, pkann teviya bajarn Raniya Keladize ji bakur ve, Qeredax Helbe ji bashr ve, eemal ji rojava ve, ji Sulemaniy cuda kirin dan dest sermriya ereb ya li Bexday bo wan ajan dikir. Ldana d ya, ku li pishta Shx Mehmd ketiye ji dervey Kurdistan ve hat, di 22.07.1923 de peymana Lausann giha biryarek, ku "maf gel kurd di dewletek serbixwe de nne", ew maf, ku di peymana svres de ber s salan di nav netewan de, bi amadebna Tirkiy nnern Kurdistan, hatib pejirandin. va biryar r da herdu dewletn sitemkar (Tirkiye Brtaniya Gewre ) bo pelixandina daxwazn gel kurd bilivin Kurdistan li gor daxwaz lishtn xwe parve bikin.

    Shah Kurdan careke d dest xwe dan ser shahnishna xwe bizava xwe bo berxwedaneke mezintir kir.

    Di 16.08.1923 de firokn Ingilz careke d hrish birin ser Suleymaniy bombe bi ser baregehn Shx Mehmd de barandin. Shx Mehmd hzn xwe kishandin Berzence pisht re Penciwn ji wir de hrish heyan tixbn Suleymaniy ann. Daw ji ber ku firokan gellek bombe barandin ser hzn w dij gel kurd ramyariya sohtina erd zeviyan, gund iyan derketib, Shx Mehmd hza xwe kishand Iran.



    Di 16. 11.1925 de Koma Netewan snorn di nava Tirkiy Iraq de pejirandin bi w terz bakur bashr Kurdistan ji hev birrn gel kurd ji hev cuda kirin. L berxwedana netew dij Ingilzan sermriya Iraq berdewam kir. Shx Mehmd di Trmeha 1926 de dsa di snor re derbas dibe herma pishder de hzn Ingilz, Iraq Iran bi hevre dij Shx Mehmd sher dikin, hema nikanin zora w bibin, Shx Mehmd firokvanek Ingilz j destegr (xsr) girt. L ji ber ku firokn Ingilzan her dihatin ser hzn w ziyanin mezin digihandin wan hzan ji ber ku Ingilzan ji roja, ku ketine Suleymaniy de ryn yn hatin li hzn kurd birr bn, hzn pols j, n gerok n yekser dimnin di herm de belav kiribn, Shx Mehmd dt, ku are nne, li hember her s dewletan hza w ya ku di Penciwn Barzan de livbaz dikir, ew j hza w ya giringtir b, nema dikare hrishn xwe psh ve bibe, di meha ley pshn de 1926, li gund Xormal li gel Ingilzan rnisht xebit bi ryeke diplomas hikariy li Ingilzan bike, l i hode ji wa ry j nehat. Ingilzan ji w xwast, ku ew dev ji xebata ramyar berde kurek xwe bishne Bexday bo xwendin, Shx Mehmd nepejirand bersiva Ingilzan da, got: " Qedera min a xwey ji min re ne giringe, l ez nikarim bibnim, her tisht ku min bo gel Kurd hv dikir jna xwe j re qurban kir wilo hilweshe ." Ingilzan daxwazn Shx Mehmd n ramyar netew ne pejirandin, w berxwedana xwe berdewam kir di bin zora firokan de kishiya Iran. Di saln 1927 ‑ 1931 de , Shx Mehmd carna bi qehreman sher dikir carina bi diplomas di Ingilzan, l i caran wan daxwaza gel Kurd ne pejirand.



    Di Hizrana 1930 de peymana Ingilz ‑ Iraq hat muhr kirin, a ku t de Ingilzan serxwebna Iraq pejirand, l hem tisht dewleta n xistib bin lepn xwe, ji boy ku Iraq mna stationek li ser rya Hindistan bihle.

    Ber w li bashr Kurdistan komela " Gel Yekt Kurdan " di Reshemeha 1930 de ava b kosaniyeke (berxwedaneke) gelr y ramyar di bajaran de dij bi Ingilz Iraq nshan da daxwaza pdakirina sermriyeka kurd ya di bin saya Koma Netewan de belav kir. Ingilzan bi gullebarandin li hember rnn gelr derket. Shx Mehmd gelek daxweyan belavok gil kirin, t de xwe mna qeral Kurdistan diyar kir daxwaza " Idareya kurd ya serbixwe“ kir , bo Koma Netewan j daxawazn xwe bi r kirin. Shx Mehmd sher reshnzam (partzan) li rojhilat Suleymaniy bakur Helebe gudand di destpka Avdar de li Qeredax, Kifr heyan em Diyal sher kir. Di gund Awbarka de li bakur Tozxirmato hzn w yn neyaran bi hev n demeke dirj berxwedan kir li dawiy leshker ereb y Ingilz shikestin Shx ber bi ciy xwe ve li gund Pran di rojhilat Kurdistan de . L gava bihst, ku w leshker faris j ji pash ve li w bide, s rojan bi Ingilzan re dan standin kir li dawiy di 13.05.1931 de xwe da dest Ingilzan li penahiy jiyana xwe bi birbn belengaz borand, heyan roja 09.10.1956 diyar rehmet.

    Shx Mehmd, shah Kurdistan, yek ji rbern berxwedana netew b, di dema ku hem dijminn kurd bi hev re li hember daxwazn gel me bi dar zor alkariya hev din dikirin. Gel me bi tkoshna w d her serbilind be w ruh berxwedan di hishyariya Kurdistan de her geshsh bike.



    Jder seravikn gotar:

    ‑‑‑‑‑‑‑‑‑‑‑‑‑‑‑‑‑‑‑‑‑‑‑‑‑‑------



    bi Alman:

    1) Ferdinand Hennerbicler, n ku bo azadiy dimirin ‑ Droka gel kurd, Edition S, 1988 Osterreich.

    2) Fadel Khalil, Kurd ro, Europaverlag,1985 Wien

    3) Zuhdi Al‑Dahoodi, Kurd ‑ drok, and tkoshna bo jn, Umschauverlag, Frankfurt 1987



    bi Ereb:

    1) Iraq dewleteka bi zor ye, Presh, Kurdolociya Nr. 2,1986, London.

    2) Jewad Mella, Kurdistan ‑ nishtiman gelek b dewlet, Kurdolociya London 1985

    3) Dr. Ezz El‑Hac, Pirsa kurd di saln bstan de, Beyrt 1984

    4) Idmon Xerb, Tevgera netew ya kurd, Beyrt 1973

    5) Dr. Bilec shrguh, Pirsa kurd, Qahre 1930

    6) Dr. Kemal Ehmed, Kurdistan di saln cenga yek de, Bexdad 1984



    hinde pirtk nivsn din..







    Cankurd









    Maf Kopkirin &kopbike; PDK-XOYBUN; wiha, di xizmeta, Kurd Kurdistan daye : Pirojeya Kurdistana Mezin, Pirojeyn Abor Avakirin, Pirojeyn Cand Huner, Lkolna Droka Kurdistan, Perwerdeya Ziman Kurd, Perwerdeya Zann Syas, Weana Malper TV yn Kurdistane. Tev maf parast ne.

    Weandin:: 2003-07-04 (5231 car hat xwendin)

    [ Vegere ] | PRINTER





    Malper TV yn, Kurd Kurdistan, Yn, Poltk, Ne, Civak Huner : - Vir-Rupela-LnknN ye.
    ___________________________________________________________________


    Malper TV yn Tirka, Yn, Ne, Poltk Civak : - Vir-Rupela-LnknN ye.

    | PUK-Meda | PDK-Baur | PDK-Baur | PDK-Xoybun | PDK-Rojhilat | AlParty | Kurdistan Media | kdp6 | Xebat | PWD - K | KRG | Peyamner |


    PDK - XOYBUN.Com 2003 All Rights Reserved
    Email : xoybuncom@yahoo.de

    Ev malper her bash bi 1024x768 IE 6.0 t xuyakirin

    Content Naverok






                    
    Google