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Kazim zdemr Serhildann Gel Kurd Berdla Azady – 4 Hereket Berzanyan



Serhildann Gel Kurd Berdla Azady – 4 Hereket Berzanyan


x Evdlselam Berzan d sala 1907`an da b serokn eret, x Kurden welatparz va tlgrafek j dewleta Osman ra andn daxwazn xwe j dewlet b v tlgraf xwest n. D tlxraf da ev daxwaz hebn :

1. Zman Kurd l Kurdstan bbe zman ferm
2. Zman Kurd d dbstanan da bbe zman frbna berwerdy.
3. Memr karbdestn dewlet l Kurdstan Kurd bn.
4. Madem dn Islam dn dewlet ferm ye, hqqa Islam b pkann.
5. Sstema tar, b, bac qemqr b parastn. Bel pereyn ku l Kurdstan t cvand l Kurdstan j bo qkrna nexwexane dbstanan b serfkrn.

Dema dewleta Osman v tlgraf grt, v hereket serhldan nrxand d bn Kumandarya Ferk Mhemed Fazl Paa da esker xwe and ser van eretan. D nav van eretan da Era Berzan dj esker derket d bn rbazya Evdlselam da er kr. Hn eretn dn alkarya dewlet krn. Sedem v yek pt du mehan Evdlselam hl terk dkr, q hla Teyar cem Mar em`n serok Suryanyan. Esker Ferk Mhemed Fazl Paa ketn nav gundn Berzan gelek kesan sr grtn.

Dya Mele Mstafa Berzeny nemr j b kur xwe Mstefa Berzany 3 sal va d nava sran da ye. Dya Mela Mstefa Berzan Mstefa Berzany ku h 3 salye avtn zndana Mosl. Mela Mstay h 3 sal b dya xwe ra kete zndan. Zor, zordest zehmetjya zndan d 3 salya xwe da dbne. Sond ad dke ku heta j dest w were teslm djmn xwe nebe nekeve zndan. Mela Mstefay nemr j 3 salya xwe heta mrn j bo gel Kurd, l ser qyayn Kurdstan er azady kr. B v away jyana xwe carnan l ser qyan, carnan l nava bajaran d er azady da carnan j, j welat xwe dr b penaber pr caran j d pya pmergn xweyn qehreman da, dj djmn d er azadya Kurd Kurdstan da derbazkr, bel d xwe naxst dest djmnn xwe nakete zndanan..

x Evdlselam d sala 1908`an da dzvre Berzan hla Berzan j esker Trk n ku sr hatne krn azad dke. Bel dsa b alkar, destek xayntya yek Kurt t grtn b alkarya xaynek d t dam krn. Slman Nazf Kurd dbe waly Mosl. Dema x Evdlselam t grtn Slman Nazf l Mosl wal ye. D sala 1913`an da ordyek dne ser Berzan ku x Evdlselam Berzan bgrn. Dewleta Osman j bo sax an mr teslmkrna x Evdlselam gelek xelat peran dtne hole. x Evdlselam, dqe cem Smko Axa, ew Smko Axa, j bo ku alkarya Rsan bstnn dqn Tfls, b berprsyarn Rsan ra dpeyvn. D zvrandn da x Evdlselam j Smko Axa dqete dzvre Berzan. L ser rya xwe dqe gunde Sof Evdla, dbe mvan v. Sof Evdla xwedy gund e. Dema x Evdlselam radz e, Sof Evdla xanet dke, glya x Evdlselam s parzdarn w dke wan dde grtn teslm dewleta Osman dkn. x Evdlselam tnn Mosl. Slman nazf b dadgehek sextey cav grt x Evdlselam dde fade grtn. Dadge bryar bdardaxstn dde d sala 1914`an an j d sala 1915`an da x Evdlselam dam dkn.

Dema x Evdlselam t ehtkrn, bray w x Ehmed h 18 sal b. Era Berzan serokty dde x Eh,ed. x Ehmed j d rya bray xwe x Evdlselam da dme e. Serok xort b bry xwey j xwe bqktr Mstefa Berzan va ereta Berzan b awayek mrxas dare dke. Ereta xwe l dor xwe dcvn d nav era xwe da b rmet dbe. Ne kesn j era w bten, kesn ern dn j gelek qmet rmet ddn x Ehmed.

Dema x Mehmd Berzenc d sala 1919`an da dj Inglzan serhldan kr, x Ehmed, tm bang ern dn dke ku alkarya x Mehmd bkn. Ew gelek pmergeyn Berzan dn e. D d da qefleyek pmerge j d bn seroktya bray xwe Mele Mstefa Berzan da dn e alkarya x Mehmd Berzenc. J hla Balk qefleyek dn j dne alkary. Ev her du qefle dkevn nav dafk kemn (pusu) grndana Inglzan. D er nav kemngrdan da gelek pmrge h naghjn Slmany tne ehtkrn. Dema pmergn Mstefa Berzan dghjn Slmany serhldan hatb pelxandn x Mehmd Berzenc brndar esr ketb dest Inglzan.

D ser sala 1930`an da herema Berzan b mekan serhldann gel Kurd. Herema Berzan d nav sal 1928-19331`an da b dom b cy teklhevy serhldan. Dema serhldana x Mehmd Berzenc b pa va ket hat pelandn, l hla Berzan, Berzanyan ala serhldan dan destn xwe, blndkrn mcadela azadya gel Kurd b serblnd meandn..

Kumandar Inglz Albay Berk d roja 03.12. 1931`an da hcm ser ereta Berzan kr. w dem Mele Mstefa Berzan b pmrgeyn xwe va l dervay hla Berzan b. Mele Mstefa derhal t Berzan. Bel Albay Berke nzan e dxwaze bavj e ser gund Berzan, x Ehmed tm mrn gund sr bke. Albay Berke hazrya xwe temam dke roja 09.12.1931`an b ev hawdor gund Berzan dgre. Bel Mele Mstefa rojek d bery da ghtye gund. erek gran d navbera her du alyan da qdbe. D davy da Berzan serkevtn dgrn djmn dk. Inglz mecbr dmnn b Berzan ra l hevhatnek qdkn. Dema dkevn tengyan j bo xwe j van tengyan dernn xwe b qewet bkn Inglz dest davjn fetlflan. V car j lhevhatn qdkn xwe j dafk derdxn. Bel d demek kn da dsa hcm ser Berzan dkn.

Eskern dewleta Inglz b frokn er, mntqa Berzan bmbe krn. Gund bajaran wran krn. Negotn jn, zarok, kal, pr, nexwe, seqet bmba j jor va b serwan va reandn. B ten ne nsanan, heywanan j bmbe krn. Hla Berzan, gundn Berzan tarmar krn. Berzenyan b qehreman berxwedana xwe zexm qaym krn. Dj Inglzan, dj top bmbeyn wan b serblnd derketn.

D sala 1932`an da ern gran qewmn. Dewleta Trk j alkarya bmbebarandna Inglzan kr. Kurdan b qehreman er xwe dj djmnn xwe domandn. Bel qewet teknkya Inglzan qet bqet j Kurdan zaftr b. Bl v j dewleta Trk alkarya Inglzan dkr. J aly dn va Ereb j b temamyn qewetn xwe hcm ddan ser Kurdan. Inglzan b saya frokn er Kurdan peland. x Ehmed Berzan roja 22.06. 1932`an teslm esker dewleta Trk b. Dewleta Trk ewl xwe qenc nan x Ehmed dan. Bel d d da x Ehmed hevaln w grtn zndan. 100 alkar ervann x Ehmed dam krn. Sebeb j ev nan dan. Gotn ku ev kesn han ber 18 salan, d dema Osmanyan da dj dewleta Osman fesadkrn e aloz qkrn. Akl kes nagheje mantq dewleta Trk. Sala 1914 l k sala 1932 l k?..

L gorya xwe dewleta Trk scdarn sala 1914`an, d sala 1932`an da cezadkr. Zeman ne eyn zeman dewlet ne eyn dewlet. Sala 1914` a dewleta Osman sala 1932`an komara Trk a n… Bel dewleta Trk dkarb l gorya neqannyn xwe ku d welat da hakm bn kesn ku sala 1914’an dj dewleta Osman serhldan krbn b hkm dam ceza bke.. Kesek dkare v aql mantq fam bke?.. B rast ez nzanm.

Mstefa Berzan teslm ne b derket ser qyan er serhldan berdewam kr. Inglzan b qewetn hkmeta Bexday va hcm dan ser Mstefa Berzan. Mstefa Berzan d qyan da er partzanan da. Inglzan d qyan da j Berzanyan b frokn er bmbe krn. D dawy da partzann d bn seroktya Mstefa Berzan bray w Muhammed Sadq Berzan da mecbr man roja 17.07.1933`an teslm bn.

Dewleta Iraq roja 06.10.1932`an b rsm ser l endametya Cemyeta Mletan (Yektya Mletan) da. B v endamety Iraq b dttn teork b dewletek serbxwe. Bel d tedbqkrna kryaran wezyeta welat da ttek berbqav nehate guhartn.

D sala 1934`an da Mele Mustefa Berzan dsa serhldan kr qereqola Herzok teslm stand. Pt v hereket gelek gund bajaran azad kr. L gelek cyan b Inglz Ereban ra er kr d van eran da b ser ket.

J sala 1934`an heta sala 1943`an d navbera Mela Mistefa Berzan, Inglz Ereban da b hsab er qdbn. Carnan er dsekn e carnan b djwar dom dke. Carnan Berzan Inglz l hev tn, carnan j ern xedar dkn. Ne rhet j Inglzan Ereban ra, ne j, j Kurdan ra he ye. er Chan dduyan derdke ve. Ber v er pt derketna v er j Kurd xwe d nav er da bn.

Mela Mstefa j sala 1934`an p da, zlm zordest, bkes, tney belengazya ku nz w trafdarn w b, rolek mecbr xst ser mln w ku bkeve pya gel Kurd gel Kurd j er azady ra tekz nke. D v navber da ew hevaln w hatn srgunkrn. P wan andn Mosl, Nasry bar Iraq, pa andn Axqa, Kfr Slmany. Dewlet newrb Mela Mstefa b dom l cyek bhle. Seba v yek hertm cy wan dguhartn.

D serhldann saln 1932, 1935 1936`an da sleh qekn Berzanyan j aly dewlet va j wan hatbn standn. D sala 1943`an da Berzan pmrgeyn xwe l hev cvand xwest dest b serhldan bke. Nexapn d destn wan da sleh nemabn. Berzan xwest slehan j qereqolan teslm bstne. J bo ku slehn qereqolan bke dest b destpka havn va avt ser qereqoln rwan, Mazen Mrga Sor. Gelek slehan kr dest. L v hl d havna 1943`an da jmarn qereqoln ku ketn destn Berzaniyan 21 bn. Mstefa Berzan ne dxwest xwn bte rtn. B awyek at xwe nz dewleta Iraq kr. Berzan b qazdek xwe ra nameyek and Bexday. D namey xwe da j dewlet xwest ku l bar Kurdstan wezyeta xelk feqr b guhartn. Nexwexane bne qkrn j aly shet va gav bne avtn. Perwerd b tekskrn. Hkmat bersva van daxwazan ne da. D ser da j, x Ehmed Berzan hnek perprsyarn Berzan grtn brn bar Iraq bajara Hlay. B vesta x Ehmed nameyek j Mela Mstefa Berzan ra andn ku derhal teslm bbe.

D w dem da hn sazmann netew wek Hwa, Rzgar, ore Yekty [ebat hatbn damezrandn. Mela Mstefa b van sazyan ra cvnan qkr wan l ba hev kom kr. Sazya Hwa j Hkmat sefaretn dewletn mezn n l Bexday ra name daxwyanyan and ku b her away b Mela Mstefa Berzan ra ne alkar w ne.

Dewlet heroj l d hev polosn bqewetkr andn ser Pmrgeyn d serhldan da. Bele her car polos kestn Pmrgan b serkevtnn mezn tm slehn polosan krn destn xwe. L Mrge Sor qerpqolek esksr j teslm standn. Dewleta Iraq alkarya Inglzan grt ordy and ser Mela Mstefa Berzan. Em dkarn bjn ern ku d sala 1943`an da qbn, d temaman da Pmrge b serkevtn qehreman berxwe dan, esker knandn. Gelek sleh cebxane krn destn xwe. L j alyek va Kurdn feqr, j aly dn va ordtanya zengn, j alyek va tneyya Kurdan, j aly dn va zengn modernya Inglzan, d ser da j dewleta Ereban a n ku gelek qavsor b, Kurdanmecbr rya aty dkr. Dewleta Iraq at ne dxwest. Berzan hevalbendn xwe b qehreman er dkrn bqarya dewleta Iraq nan ddan.

Mela Mstefa zabtn Inglzan n temas l Mrga Sor j bo atyek hatn cemhev. Mela Mstefa van ertn xwe j wan ra got :

1. L mntqa Kerkok, Erbl, Slman, [anqn Dhok dareyek mxtar b dann.
2. D hkumat da wezaretek b qkrn ku j Kurdstan berprsyar be j bo v wezaret wezrek Kurd b nandan.
3. J her wezrek Kurd ra cgrek Kurd b taynkrn.
4. Zman Kurd bbe zman rsm.
5. L Kurdstan reformn abor bn tekskrn.
Pt gelek gftgoyan d navbera dewleta Iraq Kurdan da ev xaln han hatn qebkkrn.
1. Erdn ku Pmgan krne bndestn xwe, t bmne d bn qontrola wan da.
2. D serhldann bakr Iraq (Kurdstan) da kesn hatne grtn, bn berdan azad bbn.
3. T slehn pmrgan n ku d er da j standne bmne d destn wan da.
4. J bo Kurdstan mecbr xwarn, ttn xwedkrn n abor bne amadekrn.
5. J bo qand perwerdy j Kurdstan ra mxtaryet b sazkrn.
6. Idarekrna Kurdstan bkeve destn Kurdan.
7. Hkumeta Iraq j bo avakrna vekrna dbstanan nexwexanan t melzemeyn p htyac heye bde.

J bo b nyeta xwe a qenc bawerya hkmat bne, Mela Mstefa Berzan q Bexday. Heke Hkmat hn ttan an c j, bel dl wan ne b temamya xaln peymana lhevhatn tedbq bkn. Dl wan heb Mstefa Berzan tevqf bkn an b rya tarty da bkujn. Berzan b van fln hkmat hsya d meha sbat sala 1944`an j Bexday derket q Kurdstan.

D Hezrana sala 1944`an da hkmeta Nr Sed ket d cy w da El Pacec hkumeta n damezrand. El Paqec b du ry herelet kr d du da j peymana ku d navbera wan Kurdan da hatb mzekrn pk nan. J aly dn va j bo hereketn Kurdan j hol rake planan qkr. Hereketek kr nav ordy ordy amadeya hcma ser Kurdstan kr. Mentqa serhldan j hazryn xwe kr Pmrga d s cepandan da j er ra amade krn. Mstefa Xonav Muhammed Kuts bn kumandar cepey rojhlat, Izet Ezz Evdlhemd Bekr bn kumandarn cepey rojava, Slman Berzan b kumandar cepey bar. Komta azady d bn seroktya Mela Mstefa Berzan da, d nav gel da xebatn serhldan b p va br.
Hkmat dxwest hereket Kurdan b dar zor j hol rake. D Temza sala 1945`an da 25000 esker and mntqa Zaxo, Amadye, Akra Rewandz. Hkumat bryar da ku d meha Tebax sala 1945`an da hcm Kurdstan bke. D bn kumandarya general Inglz Renton da ordya Iraq d meha Tebax sala 1945`an da r Kurdstan kr. Qend floyn frokn er j, j jor va alkarya ordy krn, gund bajarn Kurdstan dan ber bmban. D 07.08.1945`an da ordy d bn alkarya bmbekrna frokn er da hcm Rewandz kr xwest qewetn Berzan j hev veqetne.

}ewetn hkmat b teknk, b melzeman, xwarn vexwen b jmar j, j qewetn Berzan gelek zaftr bn. D bn van kmasyn gran da Pmrga b qehreman er krn gelek caran derbn gran l ordya Iraq xstn. D ser meha ln da eren gelek xwnrj qbn. }ewet hkmat b aly Rewandz Akray va hcmn xwe berdewam krn d van hcman da Kurda gelek zerar zeyat dan wan. Pmrga, eskeran j mntqa qyan b pa va knandn wan j qyan derann. Berzan hcm ser Erbl kr. Berzan l Inglzan bang kr ku ordya wan alkarya ordya Iraq neke. Ev banga Berzan, Inglzan ne da seknandn ordya xwe andn ser Kurdstan alkarya Ereban. Pmrga ordya Iraq krbn bn eblqey hawdor wan grtbn, t b temam wan mha bkrn. Inglzan dtn ku Kurd ordya hkmat peran dkn nz Kerkok dbn. Seba vk b ordya wan b frokn er hcm da ser Kurdan. V yek dan ber qavn xwe ku t j ordya wan gelek kes jyana xwe wnda bkn heke ew ordya Iraq j eblqy dernn. J wan ra mafn wan j jyanwndakrn kutna eskern wan grngtr b. Seba v yek xwestn ordya Iraq j bn dorgrtn dernn wan j destn Kurdan xlaz bkn. Ordya Inglzan j s qengan va meya ser Kurdan. J jorva j ; ervann Kurd, gundn wan, zev heywann wan bmbe krn. J 50`yan zdetr gund bajarn Kurdan b bmban wrankrn. Plotan j frokan b tfngn maknel bmbeyan gule barandn ser jn, zarok, kal prn Kurdan.

Ordya Inglz hawdor ervann Kurd grt j jor va bmban barand ser wan. D roja 25.09.1945`an da nz bajara Berzan erek gelek gran xwnrj qb. ervann Kurd xaza (qembera) dor xwe qulkrn j nava xaz derketn, b pa va kyan. 6` meha Cotmeh sala 1945`an, hla Berzan kete destn ordya Inglz ordya hkmat. Qara Kurdan ev mab ku Iraq terk bkn. Heke l ser erda xwe bman, t b hezaran jn, zarok kesn bguneh bhatn telefkrn. Berzan ervann w b jn, zarok, kal, pr, nexwe brndarn xwe va ku nz 10 hezar kes bn, ketn ser rya Iran hdd Iraq terkkrn. D r da b sedan zarok, jn, brndar nexwe jyana xwe j dest dan. Kesn sax j, d r da j tney belengazy nexwe ketn mrn. Mstefa Berzan d roja 11.10.1945`an da derbaz Iran b. w dem wezyeta Kurdn Iran qenc b l damezrandna komara Mehebad dgeryan. Berzan xwe ghande wan b alkar lankrna komara Mehabad.

Kazim zdemr





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